Anatolia Watershed Rehabilitation Project

      Category:  Price-Based Instruments; Institutions & Capacity
      Policy Type:  Low-Interest Loans; Frameworks & Guidance
      Sector:  Mixed
      Region:  Middle East
      Country:  Turkey
      Description: The Anatolia Watershed Rehabilitation Project for Turkey aims to support sustainable natural resource management practices in 28 micro-catchments in Anatolia and Turkey's Black Sea Region. It finances the adoption of environmentally friendly agricultural practices, develops packages of investments and practices for nutrient reduction, and promotes a legal framework consistent with the EU Nitrates Directive for good agricultural practices based on on-farm trials, demonstrations, and trainings. It is a World Bank sponsored project.
      Outcome:  By the end of this project, 90% of farmers have adopted nutrient management practices. Turkish legislation with respect to nitrates pollution has been harmonized with EU Nitrates directive.

      Reference:  Anatolia Watershed Rehabilitation Project (Turkey)

      Animal Waste Management Software

      Category:  Environmental Outreach & Education
      Policy Type:  Technical Assistance
      Sector:  Agriculture
      Region:  North America
      Country:  United States
      Description: Animal Waste Management Software is a planning/design tool developed by the United States Department of Agriculture to help users identify appropriate design specifications for for waste storage structures for animal feeding operations. It estimates the amount of manure, bedding, and process water based upon the type and number of animals and management followed. This information along with the local climatic factors and other characteristics feed into the design of these facilities.
      Outcome:  The Animal Waste Management helps to control runoff from roofs, feedlots and loafing areas. It reduces storage and handling loss conserved in the manure and available for land application.

      Reference:  Animal Waste Management Software (US)

      BSR InnoShip

      Category:  Institutions & Capacity
      Policy Type:  Frameworks & Guidance
      Sector:  Transport
      Region:  Europe
      Country:  Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Germany; Latvia; Lithuania; Poland; Russia; Sweden
      Description: BSR InnoShip supports the Baltic Sea countries and the key maritime stakeholders to jointly decrease and prevent adverse atmospheric emissions of shipping and port operations in the form of promising emission reduction equipment as well as best practices in major new infrastructure. The cooperation aims at encouraging voluntary measures and economic incentives for low-emission solutions at the local, national, and Baltic Sea catchment level.
      Outcome:  Through the BSR InnoShip, Baltic ships, ports and cities will be offered concrete tools for developing feasibility, investment, and competitiveness planning for adopting innovative technology and low-emission solutions. About 5-12.5 percent of deposited nitrogen comes from Baltic ship emissions, and depositions of nitrogen are associated with eutrophication, so these efforts will help to address this nitrogen deposition.

      Reference:  BSR InnoShip

      Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission - Helsinki Commission (HELCOM)

      Category:  Institutions & Capacity
      Policy Type:  Bridging Institutions
      Sector:  Mixed
      Region:  Europe
      Country:  Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Germany; Latvia; Lithuania; Poland; Russia; Sweden
      Description: HELCOM was established to protect the marine environment of the Baltic Sea from all sources of pollution through intergovernmental cooperation. It develops policy, provides data, and coordinates multilateral environmental actions. Under the HELCOM Nutrient Reduction Scheme, contracting states that are also member States of the European Union agree to share the burden of nutrient reduction to achieve the goal of the Baltic Sea unaffected by eutrophication.
      Outcome:  HELCOM is in charge of setting, monitoring, and implementing nutrient reduction targets for the Baltic Sea. The contracting parties have agreed to review the set of HELCOM eutrophication indicators and status targets at regular intervals.

      Reference:  Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission - Helsinki Commission (HELCOM)

      Basic Plan for Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas

      Category:  Regulatory Approaches
      Policy Type:  Regulatory Framework
      Sector:  Agriculture
      Region:  Asia
      Country:  Japan
      Description: The Basic Plan for Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas (Basic Plan) was created under the Basic Law on Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas. The key points of the recent 2005 Basic Plan include introduction of environmental measures for agricultural production, and applying emphasis on environmental protection to all agriculture in Japan. Specifically, the plan calls for the formulation of good agricultural practices and implementation of measures to support farmers who are subjected to the plan (cross-compliance). Moreover, support will be given to pioneering initiatives that aim for substantial reductions in environmental burdens.
      Outcome:  The Basic Plan helps to develop agriculture policy measures for environmental conservation.

      Reference:  Basic Plan for Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas