Institutions & Capacity
Frameworks & Guidance
Denmark; Estonia; Finland; Germany; Latvia; Lithuania; Poland; Russia; Sweden
The Baltic Sea Action Plan (HELCOM BSAP) defines maximum allowable nutrient loads that will provide achievement of the eutrophication targets for the whole Baltic Sea and each of its sub-basins. The required reductions in nutrient loads were estimated based on the maximum allowable nutrient loads and average nutrient load levels from 1997 to 2003. The BSAP also includes direct measures to address nutrient pollution.
Since inception of the Baltic Sea Action Plan in 2007, the inputs of nutrients to the sea have been reduced by 9% for nitrogen and 10% for phosphorous compared to the BSAP baseline years (1997-2003). In the longer time perspective, since 1994, the reductions have been even larger: inputs of N and P to the sea have decreased by 18% and 16%, respectively.
The HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP)